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what to do after earthquake

Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can locate you. If there is a rush on the staircase, then be calm, because hastily may lead to an accident. Gas leaks often cause fires to break out after an earthquake. What to do after an earthquake. This brief guide provides information on how you can protect yourself and your family, before, during and after an earthquake. Typically, the larger the mainshock, the larger and more numerous the aftershocks and the longer they will continue. Practice Drop, Cover and Hold. Photograph credit: Erol Kalkan, USGS, Pavement buckling and tented sidewalk resulting from the South Napa Earthquake. Follow their instructions. Credit: Brian Sherrod, USGS, Damaged unreinforced masonry building on Main Street in downtown Napa, California. United States Geological Survey (USGS) Natural Hazards Response; 2012; FS; 2012-3061; Lamb, Rynn; Jones, Brenda K. Understanding risk and resilience to natural hazards; 2011; FS; 2011-3008; Wood, Nathan. Conduct a safety check – Once you are in a safe place, check yourself and others for injuries, and call for help if needed. First of all, a person should check if he/she has suffered any injury. This handbook provides information to residents of the Central United States about the threat of earthquakes in that area, particularly along the New Madrid seismic zone, and explains how to prepare for, survive, and recover from such events. Step 2: Plan to be safe by creating a disaster plan and deciding how you will communicate in an emergency. Don't leave heavy objects on shelves (they'll fall during a quake). Be careful of chimneys (they may fall on you). Practice Drop, Cover, and Hold On during aftershocks. Stay there until the shaking stops. If you are INDOORS -- STAY THERE! Prepare for a major earthquake today by preparing your earthquake safety kit. Anchor heavy furniture, cupboards, and appliances to the walls or floor. Check water, gas, and electric lines for damage. Anchor heavy furniture, cupboards, and appliances to the walls or floor. Gas leaks--shut off main gas valve ONLY if you suspect a leak because of broken pipes or odor. Do not leave until the shaking is over. Don't leave heavy objects on shelves (they'll fall during a quake). Check for the smell of gas. Develop a family earthquake plan. If you are unable to wash your hands, use hand sanitizer that contains at least 60 percent alcohol. Stay in place (as long as it is safe to do so). Be on the lookout for small fires and extinguish them, if … There are four basic steps you can take to be more prepared for an earthquake: Step 1: Secure your space by identifying hazards and securing moveable items. If the building appears unsafe get everyone out. Don't use matches, candles, or any flame. Don't use the phone unless it's an emergency. Make up a plan of where to meet your family after an earthquake. Checking for injuries: After the tremors of earthquake subside, the following precautions must be adopted and recovery activities must be carried out: a. Field, E.H., and 2014 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities, 2015, UCERF3: A new earthquake forecast for California’s complex fault system: U.S. Geological Survey 2015–3009, 6 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/fs20153009. Make up a plan of where to meet your family after an earthquake. Drop, Cover, and Hold On! Move a few steps to a nearby safe place if need be. Make sure you have a fire extinguisher, first aid kit, a battery-powered radio, a flashlight, and extra batteries at home. Place telephone receivers back in their cradles; only make calls if requiring emergency services. Generally, an earthquake is divided into three stages: before, during, and after. Wear sturdy shoes to protect your feet from broken glass. The 2014 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities calculated that there is a 33-percent likelihood of a large (magnitude 6.7 or... With innovations, fresh data, and lessons learned from recent earthquakes, scientists have developed a new earthquake forecast model for California, a region under constant threat from potentially damaging events. What to do after an earthquake? The study comprised eight counties: Imperial, Kern, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, and Ventura. What to do after an earthquake. There are many things you can do to help yourself in the event of an earthquake. Here is what happens after an earthquake: Expect, and be prepared for, aftershocks. It explains the need for concern about earthquakes for those residents and describes what one can expect... Recovery from an earthquake like the M7.8 ShakeOut Scenario will be a major endeavor taking many years to complete. Know what to do in each stage. The "Triangle of Life" is a misguided idea about the best location a person should try to occupy during an earthquake. Slowly descend the stairs of the building and exit outside. The primary goal of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Natural Hazards Response is to ensure that the disaster response community has access to timely, accurate, and relevant geospatial products, imagery, and services during and after an emergency event. Develop a Household Emergency Plan. Turn on the radio. What to Do Before an Earthquake. Putting down roots in earthquake country : your handbook for the San Francisco Bay region; 2005; GIP; 15; Geological Survey (U.S.), The USGS Earthquake Hazards Program - investing in a safer future; 2003; FS; 017-03; Filson, John R.; McCarthy, Jill; Ellsworth, William L.; Zoback, Mary Lou; Stauffer, Peter H.; Hendley, James W., II, Progress toward a safer future since the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake; 1999; FS; 151-99; Page, Robert A.; Stauffer, Peter H.; Hendley, James W., II, Geographic Names Information System (GNIS), Mapping, Remote Sensing, and Geospatial Data. Collection of USGS still images taken after the January 17, 1994 Northridge earthquake highlighting the damage to buildings and infrastructure. GET OUT of the kitchen, which is a dangerous place (things can fall on you). These secondary shock waves are usually less violent than the main quake but can be strong enough to do additional damage to weakened structures and can occur in the first hours, days, weeks, or even months after the quake. Do not use the elevator. If you are INDOORS -- STAY THERE! Provide first aid for anyone who needs it. Don't use elevators (they'll probably get stuck anyway). After the shaking subsides, assess your wellbeing and that of those around you. The HayWired scenario is a hypothetical earthquake sequence that is being used to better understand hazards for the San Francisco Bay region during and after an earthquake of magnitude 7 on the Hayward Fault. Do not move around or kick up dust. These are some of the things you need to know and to do before, during and after an earthquake. Based on observations of an earthquake in Turkey, the idea doesn't apply to buildings constructed within the United States. An earthquake is not like a fire. In the United States, 1 in 4 people live with the risk of earthquakes. PAGER - Rapid Assessment of an Earthquake's Impact; 2007; FS; 2007-3101; Responding to Global Earthquake Hazards; Earle, Paul S.; Wald, David J. Check yourself for injuries and get first aid if necessary. Get under a desk or table and hang on to it ( Drop, Cover, and Hold on! ) Before an earthquake occurs: Prepare for three to seven days of electricity, water, gas, and telephone outages. They may come within minutes, hours, or days later, and can … Clean up household chemical spills, toxic and flammable materials to avoid any chain of unwanted events. Stay away from windows and outside doors. The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS-DOST) release this posters in their Facebook Page.If you’re not yet aware of, for the past two days, there has been series of strong earthquakes happening in Luzon and Visayas. Citizens should plan and practice what to do in the event of an earthquake in order to properly respond before, during, and after the shaking begins. First responders may be injured themselves and/or their equipment may be damaged. 1.2, December 2018): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5013–A–H, 126 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175013v1. is the most widely distributed publication ever prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey. What should I NOT do during an earthquake? Photograph credit: Thomas Holzer, USGS. Expect aftershocks, If a person is bleeding, put direct pressure on the wound, use clean gauze or cloth if available, If a person is not breathing administer CPR, DO NOT attempt to move seriously injured persons unless they are in further danger of injury, COVER injured persons with blankets to keep warm, Fire hazards--put out fires in your home or neighborhood immediately, call for help, Gas leaks--shut off main gas valve ONLY if you suspect a leak because of broken pipes or odor, Damaged electrical wiring--Shut off power at the control box if there is any danger to house wiring, Downed or damaged utility lines--do not touch downed power lines or any objects in contact with them, SPILLS--clean up any spilled medicines, drugs, or other harmful materials such as bleach, lye, gas, DOWNED OR DAMAGED CHIMNEYS--Approach with caution--don't use damaged chimney (it could start a fire or let poisonous gases into your house), FALLEN ITEMS--beware of items tumbling off shelves when you open doors of closets and cupboards, CHECK FOOD AND WATER SUPPLIES--Do not eat or drink anything from open containers near shattered glass, If power is off, plan meals to use up foods that will spoil quickly or frozen foods (food in the freezer should be good for at least a couple of days), Don't light your kitchen stove if you suspect a gas leak, USE BBQ or camp stoves, outdoors only for emergency cooking, If your water is off you can drink supplies from water heaters, melted ice cubes or canned vegetables (AVOID drinking water from swimming pools or especially spas--it may have too many chemicals in it to be safe). After an earthquake, there can be serious hazards such as damage to the building, leaking gas and water lines, or downed power lines. These hazards include sudden-onset hazards, such as earthquakes, and slowly emerging, chronic hazards, such as those associated with climate change. Discuss earthquake insurance with your insurance broker. While earthquakes can be a traumatic experience, it’s important not to let important things slip that will help you, your family, and your community get back on your feet. Keep an eye out for broken water pipes, downed and live electrical lines and leaking gas lines. Assess your home or workplace for damage. After a major earthquake, you should remember that emergency services like fire, police, and medical personnel may be unavailable for extended periods of time. Get under a desk or table and hang on to it (Drop, Cover, and Hold on!) This is the initial publication of the results of a cooperative project to examine the implications of a major earthquake in southern California. With the number of earthquakes increasing in several states, we offer the following information as public service. 1) Severe earthquakes have occurred in the eastern U.S.: In November of 1755, an earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 6.0 and a maximum intensity of VIII occurred about 50 miles northeast of Boston, Massachusetts. If You Are In Your Car Or Driving and an Earthquake Strikes Follow the advice from our ShakeOut friends: Pull over to the side of the road, stop, and set the parking brake. Use a whistle if one is available. Before. Stay away from buildings (stuff might fall off the building or the building could fall on you). Emergency messages will be transmitted to your cell phone. If severe shaking lasts 20 seconds or more, immediately evacuate to high ground as a tsunami might have been generated by the earthquake. If you’re in a stadium or theater, exit the building calmly, watching out for any debris that could fall on you. Check for injuries that you or others have obtained from the earthquake. If you're at school or work, follow the emergency plan or the instructions of the person in charge. Learn how to turn off the gas, water, and electricity. Monitoring earthquake shaking in federal buildings; 2005; FS; 2005-3052; Celebi, Mehmet; Page, Robert A. If you live or work in the region, you need to know why you should be concerned with earthquakes, what you can expect during and after a quake, and what... Do you know what to do the moment the ground starts shaking? Check your coverage – it could affect your financial ability to recover losses after an earthquake. Be careful around broken glass and debris. Not only will learning what to do after an earthquake keep you safe in the event of an emergency, but knowing that you’re mentally prepared for anything might also give you a … STAY CLEAR of windows, fireplaces, and heavy furniture or appliances. Nine years after it’s publication, it is still available from the USGS, and still helpful as a preparedness guide for Bay Area residents. If you smell it, open all the windows and doors, leave immediately, and report it to the authorities (use someone else's phone). Assemble and maintain your emergency survival Items for your home and workplace, as well as a portable getaway kit. It is frightening to stay in a building immediately after an earthquake but it is much safer than immediately going outside. After an earthquake you may experience aftershocks, which can occur minutes, hours, or even days after the earthquake. The agency recommends keeping a fire extinguisher in your home, particularly if you live in a quake zone. If you're indoors, stand against a wall near the center of the building, stand in a doorway, or crawl under heavy furniture (a desk or table). Look after yourself and get first aid if necessary. What to do after an earthquake? What can I do to be prepared for an earthquake? 4 Stay away from beaches. Gather information and … Shout only as a last resort. GET OUT of the kitchen, which is a dangerous place (things can fall on you). After an Earthquake AFTER the next big earthquake, your recovery and that of the community may take weeks to months or even longer. Check yourself and others for injuries. If you’re in a high-rise building after an earthquake hits, do not use the elevators to exit. Hundreds of Southern California municipalities will be affected; most lack recovery plans or previous disaster experience. Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, Congressional Briefing -- Citizen Science and Earthquakes: Reducing the Risk Through the Power of People, 2004 Deadliest in Nearly 500 Years for Earthquakes, "The Next Big Earthquake" — Still Helpful and Still Available; From USGS, Damage in central Oklahoma from a magnitude 5.6 earthquake in 2011, 1906 San Francisco Earthquake - Damage with Family in Foreground, to avoid injury from broken glass and debris. The Federal Emergency Management Agency(FEMA) advises to extinguish small fires (if you can do so safely) and report larger ones to emergency services right away. Expect aftershocks and remember to drop, cover and hold. Step 3: Organize disaster supplies in convenient locations. Check your water and electrical lines for defects. After an Earthquake Once the shaking has stopped, leave the building or house you are in and retreat to an open space away from damaged areas. 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